Procedural Sedation: Levels of Sedation

Levels of Sedation

Dr. Edward Guo




1. Myers J.G., & Kelly J (2020). Procedural sedation and analgesia in adults. Tintinalli J.E., & Ma O, & Yealy D.M., & Meckler G.D., & Stapczynski J, & Cline D.M., & Thomas S.H.(Eds.), Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 9e. McGraw Hill.  

2. American Society of Anesthesiologists. “Continuum of Depth of Sedation: Definition of General Anesthesia and Levels of Sedation/Analgesia”. Last Amended: October 23, 2019 (original approval: October 13, 1999). 

3. ACEP Policy Statements. Procedural Sedation in the Emergency Department (2004)